Toa Payoh Polysubstance Misuse

Addiction is a major issue in the present age. From adults to teenagers and specially students everyone is addicted to wither alcohol, drugs, cigarette or more. In Toa Payoh does not just stop here because there are other types of addictions as well like pornography and sugar obsession. The real question is how to we control these addictions and protect our youth from ruining their future.

There is a need of addiction therapy in Toa Payoh because that is the only way we can save the society. Addiction basically is something that one should avoid because the consequences of being an addict are the same in all types of addictions. People normally do not take it seriously, but once they get caught in some kind of problem, they realize how it affected their lives in a very bad way. So, whether you are suffering from addiction or substance abuse, you have to get away from it as early as possible.

Obsession - Are You Driving Yourself and Your Friends Crazy?

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder In The Elderly

History of OCD

Most people know what OCD is, but they don't know the history behind it. OCD has changed a lot over time, especially with the new treatment methods that are available today. Individuals who suffered from this disorder in the past can vary greatly from those who suffer from it today. OCD didn't have its name back in the 14th and 15th centuries. There were simply people that had obsessions and compulsions that they could not control.

Most people believed that these were caused by supernatural forces, like the devil and demons. In time, new explanations for why people dealt with obsessions and compulsions came to light. Sufferers were known to have "scrupulosity", which meant that they dealt with an extreme anxiety that caused the disorder. While OCD might not have been called by this name, people still suffered from similar symptoms.

People who did have scrupulosity would go and see clergy members to heal them. Since so many people did deal with this, the clergy became very good with soothing the symptoms and books started to be written soon after. The earliest published account of OCD was written in 1436 by Margery Kempe. The treatment method during these times was obedience to a spiritual advisor. This was said to be the cure as long as individuals were dedicated in everything they did.

History of OCD in the 1600s

Once the 1600s hit, the medical side of this disorder started to come to light. Treatments were being challenged by those who were in the medical field. Physicians did not have a lot of tools to help treat their patients in the 1700 hundreds, so they tried a variety of different things. Some physicians even tried to treat patients by giving them laxatives and enemas, hoping they would be cured by cleansing their body. Some of the most common obsessions and compulsions in the 1700s and 1800s were: fear of syphilis, harming other people, compulsive washing and more. The number of symptoms continued to increase with each century.

History of OCD in the 1700s and 1800s

Once the 1700s were well under way, OCD sufferers were considered to be mentally ill. They were institutionalized so doctors were able to keep an eye on them and learn more about the illness. Most people were involuntary committed, even if they only showed one sign of obsession or compulsion. The institutions quickly became known as madhouses by those who were against them.

When the 19th century came around, doctors agreed that OCD was not insanity or even a form of it. This triggered the response of releasing people from asylums because they felt that patients could not benefit from them. Doctors were now interested in better classifying this illness so they could better help patients in the future and learn how to cure it. Since so many mental illnesses were becoming apparent, doctors needed to name them and learn more about how they work.

Classification of OCD

Since OCD still did not have a name, physicians would go by talking about obsessions and compulsions. The different symptoms of each of these were discussed by doctors from all over to help classify the cause. One of the most common treatments during this time was opium. In addition to this, morphine was also prescribed three times per day. Some doctors even recommended that their patients take low doses of arsenic. As the 18th century came to a close, doctors were realizing that the addictive properties of opium might outweigh the potential benefits. This meant that other treatments needed to be explored.

During the 20th century, Sigmund Freud and Pierre Janet explored this illness further to determine where it came from. This is when it became known as obsessive-compulsive disorder instead of simply obsessions and compulsions. As time grew this illness was researched and studied even more. The ideas that Freud came up with were taken over by new ideas.

More books were written, prescription medications, like Anafranil, were given and new drugs were developed. The media soon started taking notice of OCD, which is why it's become so widely recognized today. There are even charity foundations dedicated to helping sufferers find treatment options that work for them. Some people choose therapy, some read self-help books and others take medications prescribed by their physicians.

Addiction therapy can be tough to handle and manage when you are an addict. However, if you notice that you or your loved ones are at the early stage of addiction it is better to start the therapy. The earlier you will start better are the chances of improvement.

It does not matter if you are workaholic, suffering from obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) or you are facing any other type of addiction issues, all need you to do is to treat the condition right from the start and get the addiction therapy from your doctor as soon as possible. We are sharing the top four main benefits of having addiction therapy at early stage which will help you learn more about it.

Timely Awareness: The timely awareness of any type of disease is very important. It become even more important in case of addiction to anything like social media and video games, or whatsoever. In this case, you have to be very well aware of how you are your time and money on these things that are making you sick and leading you towards depression. Well, this is all any kind of addiction would do with the addict. Therefore, timely addiction therapy helps in diagnosing the problem and facing it at the early stage so that it is easy for you to get rid of it.

Over Compulsive Personality Disorder

Early Consideration: Early consideration of any addiction, especially of gambling, is so important that you cannot even imagine it. If you catch it right at the start and consider it at that point, you probably would not get into any trouble later on because you will hopefully get rid of it. The problem will not be advanced to the next stage. So, when you get early addiction therapy, you are helping yourself move away from the problem that is probably going to bother you later on in your life.

Early Recovery: Shopping, Drugs, sex, mobile, etc are all cause of addiction in humans and that is proven from the researches done all over the world. These things are taking the minds and energies of humans. Not only this, these addictions are distracting us from the important tasks that we have to complete due to which we easily mess up everything important in life. Therefore, early addiction therapy is something that these people need to do.

Easy to Get Rid of Addiction: When you treat your addiction and substance abuse at an early stage, it is easy to get rid of it. As the stage will advance, the more difficult situation will come your way which you would not be able to recover from. All these addictions that exist right ow all need to address right from the start. This is possible only when the addict wants to go away from it or any person around him or she could help it realize the importance of early addiction therapy.

Compulsive Disorder - Why Do We Need Routines?

Schizophrenia Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

How it can help with the treatment of patients so they will not get addicted again? Having friends and family, and even if you are the doctor of such a patient who is going through the addiction, you should help him in a simple way. Even simple exercising can help them get out of it because they will use their energies in something positive. When they are in need and couldn’t control themselves, you can simply give them pain killer to help them relax.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder or ADHD and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder or OCD usually fall at the extreme ends of the neurochemical spectrum, of which, in each case, one disorder should not come along the other. However, there where recorded instances when ADHD and OCD did comorbid or occur along with the other, sharing the same degree of severity and meeting at certain similarities. While both disorders are believed to be cause by biochemical imbalances in regions of the brain such ass the prefrontal cortex.

The biochemical imbalance in the prefrontal cortex happens when the level of dopamine or the free signaling neurotransmitter of the brain is lower in the region compared to other regions of the brain. This same condition has been recorded for all OCD and ADHD sufferers. Furthermore, it was observed that a reduction in blood circulation through the prefrontal cortex occurs in the brains of ADHD and OCD sufferers.

Since the prefrontal cortex serves as the region where the brain processes the control of behavior in lieu to the inhibitory judgments he or she makes, any amount of abnormalities in the brain can result to a malfunction. With low blood flow, brain activity is likely to reduce, coupled with the neurotransmitters sending distorted signals, the individual's ability to discern between what makes sense and what is irrational or his ability to inhibit himself or herself from doing unwanted responses and behaviors. In both cases then, whether ADHD or OCD, impulsive behavior is very likely.

Furthermore, for OCD sufferers, the prefrontal cortex shows the lack of underactivity, on the contrary, the prefrontal activity for OCD sufferers is thought to undergo overactivity, thus the obsession towards the thought. Here are other differences between ADHD and OCD:

- Glutamate which is a type of an amino acid is produced by the glutamatergic system. Both ADHD and OCD are thought to be associated with this system, differing only to the extent the glutamatergic activity is occurring. For ADHD is believed that the activity of the glutamatergic system is less than what is normal, this is conveniently referred to as hypnoglutamatergic disorder. In contrary, in OCD, hyperglutamateric disorder occurs, or the opposite of the previously discussed glutamatergic activity.

- In both ADHD and OCD, the cortivo-striato-thalamo-cortical region of the brain manifests the most irregular patterns. This goes to imply that there is really potential that despite being extremes of one another, there will be cases wherein both simultaneously occur. While gender also plays a role in defining the metabolic activities in the brain, no clearer proof has been established that gender will spell a big difference in terms of the extent of disturbances in this region between both sexes.

Experts still continue to work hard in order to establish the distinct causes of ADHD and OCD. But up until this point, the most the experts can offer is treatment from these disorders, while the cure is still not close from being discovered.

Smoking cessation is also a big task like any other type of addiction, so you have to majorly help the patient in it and never discourage them from getting away from addiction. You can even help them with simple words that motivate them towards the positive and leave addiction, which is in all cases a negative thing to practice. In this way, it becomes very easy for them to get rid of the bad habits.

There are so many other ways of helping such people, but you have to be patient with them in this case. Any type of forceful action can take them even deeper into the addiction problem, so you have to tackle this problem in a very sensible way. For doctors, it is an easy task because they know the protocols, but generally the friends and family must take good care of the situation if they know that the patient is going through the addiction phase.

Broken Cell Phones - Neglecting Our Most Precious Electronic Obsession

Addiction therapy includes the sessions that help the patient get away from any type of addiction they are facing. They are treated with medicines and with simple sitting sessions in which various types of exercises are done to help the patient get rid of the addiction. It is a simple protocol that the doctors follow. According to researchers, if it is done at the start and at the right time, it helps a person get rid of addiction as early as possible. Also, the therapy does not last very long if tackled at the start. So, keep the above benefits in mind too and get your addiction therapy done. You worth much better than just revolving around one thing in your life.

Obsessions And Compulsions Psychology

You only have to drive 20 yards down the road before you come across a teenager either talking on their mobile or texting and downloading information from another world onto their latest mobile gadget. There's an app for this and there's an app for that. You will struggle to find a teenager who will leave home without their mobile or cell phone, whatever you wish to call it, and you will struggle even further to find a teenager who does not own a mobile phone.

Texting has become a frightening obsession for many young people and has seemingly become their primary means of communication with their friends and even family. They live in a world where everything has to be relayed instantly and without the need to raise a voice or look someone in the eye.

Two teenagers in the same room, the same class, the same train will think nothing of sending one another a text to let each other know how they are feeling, where to meet or what they did the night before - not giving a it a second thought that they could just as easily greet one another with a friendly smile and speak to each other.

It has become socially unacceptable for teenagers not to own a mobile phone. They communicate with one another on a level that has created a sub culture and a language which can only be understood by them. Having said that, twenty or so years ago, teenagers had their own sub language in the spoken form anyway because teenagers need to set themselves apart from their elders and exist in a world which is exclusive to them.

Now, even text language has evolved and divided into sub languages over the last ten years. What was once 'cool' to type on text or email is now just 'so last year' and it has moved on. There are levels of texting within texting and it has developed into its own language with its own etiquette.

Levels of literacy and numeracy are reportedly poor in teens. You don't need statistics to point out these facts - you need only spend a few hours with a group of teenagers to realise that they place importance on other things. Whilst able to design a perfect power point presentation with spectacular graphics, using a pre-packaged suite on a well-known platform, teens seem unable to find the time to check their work for such things as spelling, grammar and so on. The basics are most definitely dead. With so many people arguing that there is no longer a need for a person to be able to spell for themselves because of spell checkers and predictive text, it seems that teenagers continue in ignorant bliss as to the detrimental effects that texting is having on them and the long term effects of society. We are even breeding a generation of teachers who aren't able to correct their pupils' work because they often don't know any different either.

Using text language means that teenagers are losing their ability to communicate effectively and articulately with others of all age groups and retain information for any length of time because they are no longer required to. Why retain something that is at your predisposal on a saved artificial memory? Learning the basic skills of life in the forms of literacy, numeracy, communication and the art of social interaction seem to be less and less fashionable and worryingly considered less and less important. What a shame that it is only like to become worse before it becomes any better.