Toa Payoh Polysubstance Misuse

Addiction is a major issue in the present age. From adults to teenagers and specially students everyone is addicted to wither alcohol, drugs, cigarette or more. In Toa Payoh does not just stop here because there are other types of addictions as well like pornography and sugar obsession. The real question is how to we control these addictions and protect our youth from ruining their future.

There is a need of addiction therapy in Toa Payoh because that is the only way we can save the society. Addiction basically is something that one should avoid because the consequences of being an addict are the same in all types of addictions. People normally do not take it seriously, but once they get caught in some kind of problem, they realize how it affected their lives in a very bad way. So, whether you are suffering from addiction or substance abuse, you have to get away from it as early as possible.

When Weight Loss Surgery Releases Other Addictions

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Symptoms In Hindi

What causes Obsessive Compulsive Disorder?
There are a number of theories as to what lies beneath this troubling disorder. One prominent school of thought is that an anxiety disorder develops when children come to fear their own unconscious impulses and use defense mechanisms to lessen the resulting anxiety. What distinguishes obsessive-compulsive disorder from other anxiety disorders is that the battle between anxiety-provoking internal impulses and anxiety-reducing defense mechanisms is not buried in the unconscious but rather is played out in explicit and dramatic thoughts and actions. The internal impulses usually take the form of obsessive thoughts, and the defenses appear as counter-thoughts or compulsions.

Bridges to Recovery understands the suffering that goes on when an individual has this psychiatric disorder. Residential treatment in our community helps an individual learn to address the underlying issues. Individual therapy four times per week and regular visits with our staff psychiatrist are part of our clinical treatment approach. Learning to recognize the opportunities of time between impulsive thoughts and impulsive behaviors are part of the recovery process.

An excerpt from Macbeth...
Doctor: What is it she does now? Look how she rubs her hands.
Gentlewoman: It is an accustomed action with her, to seem thus washing her hands. I have known her to continue in this a quarter of an hour.
Lady Macbeth: Yet here's a spot. Out damned spot! Out I say!... Yet, who would have thought the old man to have had so much blood in him?" (Macbeth, Act V, Scene 1)

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder characterized by unwanted, tormenting, and persistent thoughts or ideas. The thoughts feel both intrusive and foreign to people that experience them. The thought may be offensive because it represents a blatant sexual or aggressive idea, or it may be neutral. Attempts to ignore or resist these thoughts may arouse even more anxiety, and before long they come back stronger than ever. In Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, obsessions are more than just thoughts; rather, they are impulses to perform some disturbing deed. Those suffering from obsessive-compulsive disorder seldom act out their hostile or sexual fantasies, but they live in dread that they will. They are quite aware that their thoughts are excessive and inappropriate, yet they are experienced as repugnant and painful.

An excerpt from Spitzer
"He now spent hours each night 'rehashing' the day's events, especially interactions with friends and teachers, endlessly making 'right' in his mind any and all regrets. He likened the process to playing a videotape of each event over and over again in his mind, asking himself if he had behaved properly and telling himself that he had done his best, or had said the right thing every step of the way. He would do this while sitting at his desk, supposedly studying; and it was not unusual for him to look at the clock after such a period of rumination and note that, to his surprise, two or three hours had elapsed" (Spitzer et al., 1981, pp 20-21)

Compulsive actions are another component of this disabling syndrome. These are repetitive acts an individual feels compelled to carry out without understanding as to why. If you have ever left for a vacation and returned home to check if you had locked the front door or left the oven on, then you may have some insight into the relationship between an obsessive thought and a compulsive action. The behaviors, or "rituals", are often carried out in hopes of preventing or stopping the unwanted thoughts and reducing anxiety. Compulsive rituals only provide temporary relief, but not performing them dramatically increases anxiety. Common sources of anxiety for victims of OCD include being contaminated by germs or dirt, requiring the sufferer to wash repeatedly, incessant doubt requiring the person to check the locks, doors, and windows over and over, or a desire for order requiring straightening, the repetition of words, praying, or counting. These symptoms cause significant distress and interfere with daily life. Sufferers of OCD often realize that their behavior is excessive or unreasonable. But they are unable to stop them. This can make the suffering embarrassing and unbearable.

Here is an example which vividly conveys obsessive symptoms and their intimate connection to compulsive acts:
"Shirley K., a twenty three year old housewife, came to the clinic with a complaint of frequent attacks of headaches and dizziness. During the preceding three months she had been disturbed by recurring thoughts that she might harm her two year old son, Saul, either by stabbing or choking him [the obsessive thought]. She constantly had to go into his room, touch the baby, and feel him breathe in order to reassure herself that Saul was alive [the compulsive act]; otherwise, she became unbearably anxious. If she read a report in the daily paper of the murder of a child, she would become agitated, since this reinforced her fear that she too might act on her impulse. Shirley turned to the interviewer and asked, with desperation, whether this meant that she was 'going crazy' " (Goldstein and Palmer, 1975)

No matter how elaborate the complex of obsessive thoughts and compulsive rituals of the sufferer, they do not reduce anxiety. Most people suffering from Obsessive Compulsive Disorder report constant tension and dissatisfaction with their lives, and it is not unusual for this dissatisfaction to blend imperceptibly into feelings of depression.

Example of an interview
Patient: If I heard the word, like, something that had to do with germs or disease, it would be considered something bad, and so I had things that would go through my mind that were sort of like "cross that out and it'll make it okay" to hear that word.
Interviewer: What sorts of things?
Patient: Like numbers or words that seemed to be sort of like a protector.
Interviewer: What numbers and words were they?
Patient: It started out to be the number 3 and multiples of 3 and then words like "soap and water", something like that; and then the multiples of 3 got really high, and they'd end up to be 124 or something like that. It got real bad then. (Spitzer et al., 1981, p. 137)

Addiction therapy can be tough to handle and manage when you are an addict. However, if you notice that you or your loved ones are at the early stage of addiction it is better to start the therapy. The earlier you will start better are the chances of improvement.

It does not matter if you are workaholic, suffering from obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) or you are facing any other type of addiction issues, all need you to do is to treat the condition right from the start and get the addiction therapy from your doctor as soon as possible. We are sharing the top four main benefits of having addiction therapy at early stage which will help you learn more about it.

Timely Awareness: The timely awareness of any type of disease is very important. It become even more important in case of addiction to anything like social media and video games, or whatsoever. In this case, you have to be very well aware of how you are your time and money on these things that are making you sick and leading you towards depression. Well, this is all any kind of addiction would do with the addict. Therefore, timely addiction therapy helps in diagnosing the problem and facing it at the early stage so that it is easy for you to get rid of it.

Common Obsessions And Compulsions

Early Consideration: Early consideration of any addiction, especially of gambling, is so important that you cannot even imagine it. If you catch it right at the start and consider it at that point, you probably would not get into any trouble later on because you will hopefully get rid of it. The problem will not be advanced to the next stage. So, when you get early addiction therapy, you are helping yourself move away from the problem that is probably going to bother you later on in your life.

Early Recovery: Shopping, Drugs, sex, mobile, etc are all cause of addiction in humans and that is proven from the researches done all over the world. These things are taking the minds and energies of humans. Not only this, these addictions are distracting us from the important tasks that we have to complete due to which we easily mess up everything important in life. Therefore, early addiction therapy is something that these people need to do.

Easy to Get Rid of Addiction: When you treat your addiction and substance abuse at an early stage, it is easy to get rid of it. As the stage will advance, the more difficult situation will come your way which you would not be able to recover from. All these addictions that exist right ow all need to address right from the start. This is possible only when the addict wants to go away from it or any person around him or she could help it realize the importance of early addiction therapy.

Are Teenagers Obsessed With Texting?

Sensorimotor Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

How it can help with the treatment of patients so they will not get addicted again? Having friends and family, and even if you are the doctor of such a patient who is going through the addiction, you should help him in a simple way. Even simple exercising can help them get out of it because they will use their energies in something positive. When they are in need and couldn’t control themselves, you can simply give them pain killer to help them relax.

Although the figures vary greatly from country to county based on population and cultural behaviours, there are still way too many folks on this planet who die every single day of the year as a direct result of drinking too much alcohol. So just how does alcohol abuse kill people? Well they don't have to wait for cirrhosis of the liver or other alcohol related illnesses that's for sure. Kids and teens often meet their demise through a binge far too great for their bodies to handle. A lot of inexperienced drinkers are the victims of alcohol related mischief such as; driving, swimming, general showing off, and accepting crazy challenges to impress peers while intoxicated.

Another unnecessary way on how alcohol abuse kills folks is that of drunken brawls which turn fatal. Fights that were derived from power driven arguments. Arguments that would never have gotten so heated had those involved not been under the influence. These are tragic incidents that most definitely did not have to happen! They are all too common these days as drinkers consume more booze than they can handle. These moments of madness sometimes result in dead bodies and sheer pandemonium as charges of murder and man slaughter are brought onto folks who probably wouldn't say boo to a goose while sober.

Alcohol Abuse Takes Lives in more ways than one!

There are no big secrets as to why alcohol makes folks act in ways they would not normally behave. After all, alcohol is what's known as a psychoactive drug. Simply put, this means it affects the mind, the mood, and other mental processes. It's because alcohol changes brain chemistry that it appeals to so many. Just about everyone likes the way it makes them feel to a greater or lesser degree! The problem is that it's lethal in high doses. Far too many people meet their demise simply because they don't know when they've had enough of the stuff.

Alcohol is a poison: When people vomit from drinking too much alcohol, this is triggered by the body's natural defence mechanism telling the stomach it has consumed more poison than the body can handle. The brain sends a signal to the stomach telling it to get rid of the stuff, just as it would with any other noxious food beverage or substance.

Vomiting is another way in which alcohol abuse kills people! Not all those who have drank copious amounts of alcohol get to vomit during conscious hours. Some pass out and fall into a deep sleep before the brain has had chance to signal the stomach to throw up. If nausea is induced during this time, people can and do choke on their own vomit and literally die in their sleep.

Others who pass out from drinking too much alcohol may never wake again. When the concentration of alcohol is too high, those areas of the brain which are responsible for controlling life's functions can become so depressed that they simply fail to function any more. And when the brain fails to function, then so does man!

Alcoholic poisoning can be fatal: Most of us at some time during our lives have been sick from drinking too much. It's often laughed off the following day as a silly session and the one suffering often makes a vow never to drink again. Of course, this promise is usually one of many in the course of a lifetime, and as soon as the headaches have gone and the stomach has settled, the drinker is ready for the next spree. But the fact of the matter is that far too many people, both young and old, men and women, are dying unnecessarily as a direct result of alcohol abuse. Sadly, this is a problem which is on the increase globally.

Alcohol Health Related Deaths: Putting aside the accidental deaths caused by excessive alcohol consumption, there are many other ways in which long term abuse can result in premature deaths through alcohol related health issues. Although many of these illnesses can be got without abusing alcohol, it's now a known fact that so many are induced by the excessive consumption of alcohol. Doctors agree that many of these health conditions most probably would not have occurred if alcohol had not been a factor.

Common alcohol related fatal diseases are: Breast cancer, mouth cancer, liver disease, heart disease, and stroke to name but a few. Still dying for a drink?

Smoking cessation is also a big task like any other type of addiction, so you have to majorly help the patient in it and never discourage them from getting away from addiction. You can even help them with simple words that motivate them towards the positive and leave addiction, which is in all cases a negative thing to practice. In this way, it becomes very easy for them to get rid of the bad habits.

There are so many other ways of helping such people, but you have to be patient with them in this case. Any type of forceful action can take them even deeper into the addiction problem, so you have to tackle this problem in a very sensible way. For doctors, it is an easy task because they know the protocols, but generally the friends and family must take good care of the situation if they know that the patient is going through the addiction phase.

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder - Washing Hands, the Classic OCD Symptom

Addiction therapy includes the sessions that help the patient get away from any type of addiction they are facing. They are treated with medicines and with simple sitting sessions in which various types of exercises are done to help the patient get rid of the addiction. It is a simple protocol that the doctors follow. According to researchers, if it is done at the start and at the right time, it helps a person get rid of addiction as early as possible. Also, the therapy does not last very long if tackled at the start. So, keep the above benefits in mind too and get your addiction therapy done. You worth much better than just revolving around one thing in your life.

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Self Help

What causes Obsessive Compulsive Disorder?
There are a number of theories as to what lies beneath this troubling disorder. One prominent school of thought is that an anxiety disorder develops when children come to fear their own unconscious impulses and use defense mechanisms to lessen the resulting anxiety. What distinguishes obsessive-compulsive disorder from other anxiety disorders is that the battle between anxiety-provoking internal impulses and anxiety-reducing defense mechanisms is not buried in the unconscious but rather is played out in explicit and dramatic thoughts and actions. The internal impulses usually take the form of obsessive thoughts, and the defenses appear as counter-thoughts or compulsions.

Bridges to Recovery understands the suffering that goes on when an individual has this psychiatric disorder. Residential treatment in our community helps an individual learn to address the underlying issues. Individual therapy four times per week and regular visits with our staff psychiatrist are part of our clinical treatment approach. Learning to recognize the opportunities of time between impulsive thoughts and impulsive behaviors are part of the recovery process.

An excerpt from Macbeth...
Doctor: What is it she does now? Look how she rubs her hands.
Gentlewoman: It is an accustomed action with her, to seem thus washing her hands. I have known her to continue in this a quarter of an hour.
Lady Macbeth: Yet here's a spot. Out damned spot! Out I say!... Yet, who would have thought the old man to have had so much blood in him?" (Macbeth, Act V, Scene 1)

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder characterized by unwanted, tormenting, and persistent thoughts or ideas. The thoughts feel both intrusive and foreign to people that experience them. The thought may be offensive because it represents a blatant sexual or aggressive idea, or it may be neutral. Attempts to ignore or resist these thoughts may arouse even more anxiety, and before long they come back stronger than ever. In Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, obsessions are more than just thoughts; rather, they are impulses to perform some disturbing deed. Those suffering from obsessive-compulsive disorder seldom act out their hostile or sexual fantasies, but they live in dread that they will. They are quite aware that their thoughts are excessive and inappropriate, yet they are experienced as repugnant and painful.

An excerpt from Spitzer
"He now spent hours each night 'rehashing' the day's events, especially interactions with friends and teachers, endlessly making 'right' in his mind any and all regrets. He likened the process to playing a videotape of each event over and over again in his mind, asking himself if he had behaved properly and telling himself that he had done his best, or had said the right thing every step of the way. He would do this while sitting at his desk, supposedly studying; and it was not unusual for him to look at the clock after such a period of rumination and note that, to his surprise, two or three hours had elapsed" (Spitzer et al., 1981, pp 20-21)

Compulsive actions are another component of this disabling syndrome. These are repetitive acts an individual feels compelled to carry out without understanding as to why. If you have ever left for a vacation and returned home to check if you had locked the front door or left the oven on, then you may have some insight into the relationship between an obsessive thought and a compulsive action. The behaviors, or "rituals", are often carried out in hopes of preventing or stopping the unwanted thoughts and reducing anxiety. Compulsive rituals only provide temporary relief, but not performing them dramatically increases anxiety. Common sources of anxiety for victims of OCD include being contaminated by germs or dirt, requiring the sufferer to wash repeatedly, incessant doubt requiring the person to check the locks, doors, and windows over and over, or a desire for order requiring straightening, the repetition of words, praying, or counting. These symptoms cause significant distress and interfere with daily life. Sufferers of OCD often realize that their behavior is excessive or unreasonable. But they are unable to stop them. This can make the suffering embarrassing and unbearable.

Here is an example which vividly conveys obsessive symptoms and their intimate connection to compulsive acts:
"Shirley K., a twenty three year old housewife, came to the clinic with a complaint of frequent attacks of headaches and dizziness. During the preceding three months she had been disturbed by recurring thoughts that she might harm her two year old son, Saul, either by stabbing or choking him [the obsessive thought]. She constantly had to go into his room, touch the baby, and feel him breathe in order to reassure herself that Saul was alive [the compulsive act]; otherwise, she became unbearably anxious. If she read a report in the daily paper of the murder of a child, she would become agitated, since this reinforced her fear that she too might act on her impulse. Shirley turned to the interviewer and asked, with desperation, whether this meant that she was 'going crazy' " (Goldstein and Palmer, 1975)

No matter how elaborate the complex of obsessive thoughts and compulsive rituals of the sufferer, they do not reduce anxiety. Most people suffering from Obsessive Compulsive Disorder report constant tension and dissatisfaction with their lives, and it is not unusual for this dissatisfaction to blend imperceptibly into feelings of depression.

Example of an interview
Patient: If I heard the word, like, something that had to do with germs or disease, it would be considered something bad, and so I had things that would go through my mind that were sort of like "cross that out and it'll make it okay" to hear that word.
Interviewer: What sorts of things?
Patient: Like numbers or words that seemed to be sort of like a protector.
Interviewer: What numbers and words were they?
Patient: It started out to be the number 3 and multiples of 3 and then words like "soap and water", something like that; and then the multiples of 3 got really high, and they'd end up to be 124 or something like that. It got real bad then. (Spitzer et al., 1981, p. 137)