Tanjong Pagar Samhsa Mental Health

Addiction is a major issue in the present age. From adults to teenagers and specially students everyone is addicted to wither alcohol, drugs, cigarette or more. In Tanjong Pagar does not just stop here because there are other types of addictions as well like pornography and sugar obsession. The real question is how to we control these addictions and protect our youth from ruining their future.

There is a need of addiction therapy in Tanjong Pagar because that is the only way we can save the society. Addiction basically is something that one should avoid because the consequences of being an addict are the same in all types of addictions. People normally do not take it seriously, but once they get caught in some kind of problem, they realize how it affected their lives in a very bad way. So, whether you are suffering from addiction or substance abuse, you have to get away from it as early as possible.

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder - Washing Hands, the Classic OCD Symptom

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Symptoms

What causes Obsessive Compulsive Disorder?
There are a number of theories as to what lies beneath this troubling disorder. One prominent school of thought is that an anxiety disorder develops when children come to fear their own unconscious impulses and use defense mechanisms to lessen the resulting anxiety. What distinguishes obsessive-compulsive disorder from other anxiety disorders is that the battle between anxiety-provoking internal impulses and anxiety-reducing defense mechanisms is not buried in the unconscious but rather is played out in explicit and dramatic thoughts and actions. The internal impulses usually take the form of obsessive thoughts, and the defenses appear as counter-thoughts or compulsions.

Bridges to Recovery understands the suffering that goes on when an individual has this psychiatric disorder. Residential treatment in our community helps an individual learn to address the underlying issues. Individual therapy four times per week and regular visits with our staff psychiatrist are part of our clinical treatment approach. Learning to recognize the opportunities of time between impulsive thoughts and impulsive behaviors are part of the recovery process.

An excerpt from Macbeth...
Doctor: What is it she does now? Look how she rubs her hands.
Gentlewoman: It is an accustomed action with her, to seem thus washing her hands. I have known her to continue in this a quarter of an hour.
Lady Macbeth: Yet here's a spot. Out damned spot! Out I say!... Yet, who would have thought the old man to have had so much blood in him?" (Macbeth, Act V, Scene 1)

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder characterized by unwanted, tormenting, and persistent thoughts or ideas. The thoughts feel both intrusive and foreign to people that experience them. The thought may be offensive because it represents a blatant sexual or aggressive idea, or it may be neutral. Attempts to ignore or resist these thoughts may arouse even more anxiety, and before long they come back stronger than ever. In Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, obsessions are more than just thoughts; rather, they are impulses to perform some disturbing deed. Those suffering from obsessive-compulsive disorder seldom act out their hostile or sexual fantasies, but they live in dread that they will. They are quite aware that their thoughts are excessive and inappropriate, yet they are experienced as repugnant and painful.

An excerpt from Spitzer
"He now spent hours each night 'rehashing' the day's events, especially interactions with friends and teachers, endlessly making 'right' in his mind any and all regrets. He likened the process to playing a videotape of each event over and over again in his mind, asking himself if he had behaved properly and telling himself that he had done his best, or had said the right thing every step of the way. He would do this while sitting at his desk, supposedly studying; and it was not unusual for him to look at the clock after such a period of rumination and note that, to his surprise, two or three hours had elapsed" (Spitzer et al., 1981, pp 20-21)

Compulsive actions are another component of this disabling syndrome. These are repetitive acts an individual feels compelled to carry out without understanding as to why. If you have ever left for a vacation and returned home to check if you had locked the front door or left the oven on, then you may have some insight into the relationship between an obsessive thought and a compulsive action. The behaviors, or "rituals", are often carried out in hopes of preventing or stopping the unwanted thoughts and reducing anxiety. Compulsive rituals only provide temporary relief, but not performing them dramatically increases anxiety. Common sources of anxiety for victims of OCD include being contaminated by germs or dirt, requiring the sufferer to wash repeatedly, incessant doubt requiring the person to check the locks, doors, and windows over and over, or a desire for order requiring straightening, the repetition of words, praying, or counting. These symptoms cause significant distress and interfere with daily life. Sufferers of OCD often realize that their behavior is excessive or unreasonable. But they are unable to stop them. This can make the suffering embarrassing and unbearable.

Here is an example which vividly conveys obsessive symptoms and their intimate connection to compulsive acts:
"Shirley K., a twenty three year old housewife, came to the clinic with a complaint of frequent attacks of headaches and dizziness. During the preceding three months she had been disturbed by recurring thoughts that she might harm her two year old son, Saul, either by stabbing or choking him [the obsessive thought]. She constantly had to go into his room, touch the baby, and feel him breathe in order to reassure herself that Saul was alive [the compulsive act]; otherwise, she became unbearably anxious. If she read a report in the daily paper of the murder of a child, she would become agitated, since this reinforced her fear that she too might act on her impulse. Shirley turned to the interviewer and asked, with desperation, whether this meant that she was 'going crazy' " (Goldstein and Palmer, 1975)

No matter how elaborate the complex of obsessive thoughts and compulsive rituals of the sufferer, they do not reduce anxiety. Most people suffering from Obsessive Compulsive Disorder report constant tension and dissatisfaction with their lives, and it is not unusual for this dissatisfaction to blend imperceptibly into feelings of depression.

Example of an interview
Patient: If I heard the word, like, something that had to do with germs or disease, it would be considered something bad, and so I had things that would go through my mind that were sort of like "cross that out and it'll make it okay" to hear that word.
Interviewer: What sorts of things?
Patient: Like numbers or words that seemed to be sort of like a protector.
Interviewer: What numbers and words were they?
Patient: It started out to be the number 3 and multiples of 3 and then words like "soap and water", something like that; and then the multiples of 3 got really high, and they'd end up to be 124 or something like that. It got real bad then. (Spitzer et al., 1981, p. 137)

Addiction therapy can be tough to handle and manage when you are an addict. However, if you notice that you or your loved ones are at the early stage of addiction it is better to start the therapy. The earlier you will start better are the chances of improvement.

It does not matter if you are workaholic, suffering from obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) or you are facing any other type of addiction issues, all need you to do is to treat the condition right from the start and get the addiction therapy from your doctor as soon as possible. We are sharing the top four main benefits of having addiction therapy at early stage which will help you learn more about it.

Timely Awareness: The timely awareness of any type of disease is very important. It become even more important in case of addiction to anything like social media and video games, or whatsoever. In this case, you have to be very well aware of how you are your time and money on these things that are making you sick and leading you towards depression. Well, this is all any kind of addiction would do with the addict. Therefore, timely addiction therapy helps in diagnosing the problem and facing it at the early stage so that it is easy for you to get rid of it.

Primarily Obsessional Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Early Consideration: Early consideration of any addiction, especially of gambling, is so important that you cannot even imagine it. If you catch it right at the start and consider it at that point, you probably would not get into any trouble later on because you will hopefully get rid of it. The problem will not be advanced to the next stage. So, when you get early addiction therapy, you are helping yourself move away from the problem that is probably going to bother you later on in your life.

Early Recovery: Shopping, Drugs, sex, mobile, etc are all cause of addiction in humans and that is proven from the researches done all over the world. These things are taking the minds and energies of humans. Not only this, these addictions are distracting us from the important tasks that we have to complete due to which we easily mess up everything important in life. Therefore, early addiction therapy is something that these people need to do.

Easy to Get Rid of Addiction: When you treat your addiction and substance abuse at an early stage, it is easy to get rid of it. As the stage will advance, the more difficult situation will come your way which you would not be able to recover from. All these addictions that exist right ow all need to address right from the start. This is possible only when the addict wants to go away from it or any person around him or she could help it realize the importance of early addiction therapy.

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder - OCD and Always Washing Your Car

Human Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

How it can help with the treatment of patients so they will not get addicted again? Having friends and family, and even if you are the doctor of such a patient who is going through the addiction, you should help him in a simple way. Even simple exercising can help them get out of it because they will use their energies in something positive. When they are in need and couldn’t control themselves, you can simply give them pain killer to help them relax.

It has long been noted that human beings are creatures of habit. We all tend to gravitate toward established routines that enable us to make order out of our daily existence. For many people, however - around two percent of the population at any given time, the natural desire for order and routine can evolve into something much more dangerous to mental and emotional health.

In fact, for people suffering from this obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) life can become a constant battle to overcome the undesired thoughts and impulses that impede their ability to live a normal life. Overcoming any type of compulsive disorder often requires those who suffer from the illness to break with their established routines and question why they need such routines in the first place.

Why are routines important?

The very fact that routines are so commonly adopted by almost all individuals is one of the biggest obstacles sufferers of compulsive disorder face in their attempts to break out of their cycle of obsession and compulsion. Still, routines remain an important part of our lives. They provide security and a sense of order that is otherwise hard to come by in a universe that can all too often seem capricious and arbitrary. By contrast, routines tend to reassure most people that there are patterns to life that can be relied upon on a daily basis. Unfortunately, these routines can often get out of hand in cases where compulsive disorder manifests.

How bad is OCD?

Obsessive compulsive disorder can be debilitating for many people, affecting their ability to live otherwise normal lives. Routine is not the enemy of the person suffering from any type of compulsive disorder, but some aspects of an individual routine can sometimes begin to exert an unreasonable amount of influence in life. The worst part of compulsive disorder is that even those patients who recognize its existence in their lives find themselves unable to resist the obsessive and compulsive behavior that it causes.

However, there are some who believe that the underlying fears that trigger obsessive thoughts that lead to compulsive disorder behavior may be able to be managed better if the patient can somehow break free of total reliance on routine, or through better management of the routine itself. For instance, since most OCD involves repetitious cleaning, examination of locks and appliances, and other activities, one way to diminish the underlying fears that cause such compulsions may be as simple as using a checklist to note when things are done.

Is it just another form of routine?

Of course, there will be those who say that trying to affect compulsive disorder by introducing yet another form of routine into the patient's life might be a less than ideal solution. However, given that both the OCD and ordinary human routines have their origins in one level of fear or another, using a routine checklist to help manage and reassure the compulsive disorder patient may help to satisfy the underlying fears that cause such over-reliance on compulsive routines. It is a simple way to satisfy the human need for routine while also providing a vehicle to diminish the levels of compulsion these patients feel.

Smoking cessation is also a big task like any other type of addiction, so you have to majorly help the patient in it and never discourage them from getting away from addiction. You can even help them with simple words that motivate them towards the positive and leave addiction, which is in all cases a negative thing to practice. In this way, it becomes very easy for them to get rid of the bad habits.

There are so many other ways of helping such people, but you have to be patient with them in this case. Any type of forceful action can take them even deeper into the addiction problem, so you have to tackle this problem in a very sensible way. For doctors, it is an easy task because they know the protocols, but generally the friends and family must take good care of the situation if they know that the patient is going through the addiction phase.

Compulsive Disorder - Why Do We Need Routines?

Addiction therapy includes the sessions that help the patient get away from any type of addiction they are facing. They are treated with medicines and with simple sitting sessions in which various types of exercises are done to help the patient get rid of the addiction. It is a simple protocol that the doctors follow. According to researchers, if it is done at the start and at the right time, it helps a person get rid of addiction as early as possible. Also, the therapy does not last very long if tackled at the start. So, keep the above benefits in mind too and get your addiction therapy done. You worth much better than just revolving around one thing in your life.

Pure Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Alcohol abuse effects can be far-reaching and devastating. The effects of alcohol abuse not only have consequences for the drinker but those around her or him as well. Alcohol abuse effects can be both psychological and physical. Alcohol consumption causes changes in behavior. The physical effects of alcohol abuse can be experienced with as little as one or two drinks -- impaired judgment and coordination needed to operate a car safely may result in the drinker having an accident.

Alcoholism is an illness where alcoholic beverage consumption is at a level that interferes with the person's health and negatively impacts social, family or occupational responsibilities. Alcohol abusers are drinkers that may drink excessively at various times with resulting immediate alcohol abuse effects at the time of excess alcohol consumption.
The immediate physical effects of alcohol abuse can be experienced as soon as ten minutes after drinking begins. With continued alcohol consumption on that occasion, the immediate effects of alcohol abuse worsen and become more serious.

Here are five of the immediate physical alcohol abuse effects:

1. Inhibitions Become Reduced - at a blood alcohol concentration of 0.05, changes in a person's behavior begins to be noticeable. Alcohol abuse effects and reduced inhibitions can put a person at higher risk for actions they would otherwise not participate in, such as sexual activity, continued drinking or illegal drug use.

2. Loss of Muscle Control - at the level of 0.10, slurred speech will likely be evident. Impaired judgement and poor coordination are physical effects of alcohol abuse that can lead to falls and accidents.

3. Memory Loss and/or Blackouts - since alcohol depresses the brain's control mechanisms, as blood alcohol levels increase, periods of time and certain situations and events may not be remembered afterward.

4. Stupor - at a blood alcohol concentration of 0.40, a person can hardly function, acting seriously dazed, disoriented and confused.

5. Coma - at a blood alcohol level of 0.50, a person is at risk for coma, which can be life-threatening. And at this level or higher, respiratory paralysis and death become very much a possibility.

Other alcohol abuse effects that are short-term include nausea, hangovers, headaches and fatigue. The longer a person abuses alcohol over time, the higher the chances of other alcohol abuse effects being experienced and alcohol dependency developing. The most severe form of alcoholism is 'alcohol dependency'. Physical alcohol dependence is characterized by withdrawal symptoms when alcohol consumption is interrupted, by tolerance to the effects of alcohol abuse and by the presence of alcohol-related illnesses.

Malnutrition can develop from a reduced appetite plus inadequate absorption of nutrients in the intestinal tract and from consuming 'empty' calories in alcohol. Calories from alcohol are called 'empty' calories since alcohol contains no beneficial nutrients, vitamins or minerals.

And with continued alcohol consumption and abuse over years, many of the body organs will be affected. Alcohol is especially harmful to the liver since the liver does most of the work of breaking down alcohol. Alcohol destroys liver cells, and it destroys the ability of liver cells to regenerate. This condition leads to progressive imflammatory injury to the liver and eventually can result in cirrhosis of the liver.

Additional long term alcohol abuse effects include damage to the brain, high blood pressure, heart muscle damage, nerve damage, pancreatitis, bleeding in the esophagus, erectile dysfunction in men, fetal alcohol syndrome in the offspring of alcoholic women, insomnia, depression and increased cancer risks.

If you or someone you know may have problems with alcohol and you'd like to learn more about alcoholism and perhaps seek help, there are proven resources available. It is never too late to begin recovery from alcohol addiction and alcohol abuse effects.

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